[ China Agricultural Machinery Industry News ] Xia Yuming, at the busy schedule.
In the "battlefield" of the three-summer harvest, there are everywhere fighting for various agricultural machinery and equipment. According to the statistics of the Ministry of Agriculture, as of June 8, the country has harvested 188.22 million mu of winter wheat, and the proportion of machine harvest has reached 90%. Agricultural mechanization has contributed to the bumper harvest of wheat everywhere.
Agricultural mechanization is the foundation of agricultural modernization. Although China's agricultural machinery industry has made great progress during the 12th Five-Year Plan period, the problems and challenges facing the industry are still quite a lot. At present, China's economic supply-side structural reform is in the stage of tackling difficulties, and promoting the transformation and upgrading of agricultural machinery and equipment manufacturing industry is the proper meaning of the structural reform of the agricultural supply side.
This year, the two sessions ended on the first day. As an annual survey of party organizations, the NLD Central Committee "to reform and innovate, accelerate the transformation and upgrading of China's agricultural machinery and equipment manufacturing" special investigation group, in the National People's Congress Standing Committee Vice Chairman, the Chairman of the NLD Central Committee Zhang Baowen and Chen Xiaoguang, vice chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and executive vice chairman of the NLD Central Committee, led an in-depth study in Jiangsu and Shandong. Xu Hui, member of the Standing Committee of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and vice chairman of the NLD Central Committee, also conducted supplementary research in Henan.
The research team selects one representative province among the three major grain producing areas in the south, north and middle, from local relevant departments, to agricultural equipment manufacturing enterprises, agricultural cooperatives, to relevant service agencies and farmers' homes, and the research group. Trying to restore the current development status of China's agricultural equipment manufacturing industry, in the structural contradiction between supply and demand of low-end products to de-capacity and products dependent on imports, the urgency of China's agricultural equipment manufacturing industry to achieve transformation and upgrading in the "self-improvement" is revealed.
Topic selection, aiming at the structural contradiction between agricultural machinery supply and demand
China is a populous country. People take food as the sky, and agriculture as an industry has always occupied an important position in various developments. The first document of the year is the subject of â€œagriculture-relatedâ€.
Although the democratic parties are characterized by education and culture, the NLD Central Committee has been quietly devoted wisdom and efforts to agriculture in recent years. There are also a few proposals and suggestions on agriculture every year.
In December last year, the Ministry of Agriculture and the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology jointly issued the "Agricultural Machinery Development Action Plan (2016-2025)" (referred to as the "Program"). The "Proposal" pointed out that by 2025, the agricultural machinery and equipment categories are complete, the technical level of equipment required for mechanization of food crop production has been greatly improved, and the equipment necessary for mechanization of the main economic crop production has been effectively supplied.
In a certain sense, the introduction of the "Program" blew the "horn" of the agricultural equipment manufacturing industry to help agricultural modernization and assist the structural reform of the supply side of agriculture.
After repeated research and full preparation, and soliciting opinions from relevant ministries and research institutions, the NLD Central Committee has skillfully found a "combination point" between promoting the development of a strong country strategy and the development of agricultural modernization: targeting China's agricultural machinery industry in recent years. The issue of "big but not strong" will eventually be determined by the NLD Central Committee as "the reform and innovation, and accelerate the transformation and upgrading of China's agricultural machinery and equipment manufacturing".
To express the initial focus of the investigation, the words that Chairman Zhang Baowen said when he led the team investigation can be used as a "representative." He said that agricultural machinery and equipment is an important support and material basis for the development of modern agriculture. Accelerating the development of agricultural machinery and equipment industry is an objective requirement for improving agricultural labor productivity, land output rate and resource utilization rate, and is a realistic need to support the transformation of agricultural development mode, agricultural quality efficiency and international competitiveness, and promote agricultural production and efficiency. It is important to change the way farmers increase their income and promote rural development. Grasping the strategic opportunity of the new round of industrial revolution and promoting the transformation and upgrading of the agricultural machinery and equipment industry is of great significance to speeding up the structural reform of the supply side of the manufacturing industry and promoting the development of the real economy.
The research team was researched by Jiangsu Aike Group.
With problems and initial intentions, the research components went to the enterprise workshops and fields in Jiangsu, Shandong and Henan.
â€œWith the emergence of rural hollowing out and the aging of farmers due to the rural out-of-town work, farmers are increasingly demanding such convenient equipment as agricultural machinery.â€ As an expert and scholar, he was invited to participate in the research and development of China's electronic information industry. The problem that An Hui, director of the Institute of Electronic Information Industry Research Institute, noticed was the reason why China's agricultural machinery purchase and sales were booming for many years.
In addition, with the rapid development of large-scale land management in the past two years, farmers' professional cooperatives and family farms have sprung up, and they have gradually occupied the agricultural machinery market and become the backbone of the agricultural machinery market.
Is demanding good is not a good thing? Itâ€™s not really true.
The common problem discovered by the research team in the three places is that the market demand for agricultural machinery has not diminished, but this demand has quietly changed. The products provided by traditional agricultural machinery and equipment manufacturing companies can no longer meet the needs of the market.
In other words, the current development of the agricultural machinery industry has been unable to adapt to the new situation of the rise of new agricultural management entities.
Hard work and internal strength, firmly grasp the key core technology of agricultural machinery.
The investigation of the Central Committee of the Democratic League is in the â€œtime of progressâ€, and the news that â€œthe farmers in the Northeast would rather spend 10 times the price to buy imported German plowsâ€ has attracted a lot of attention.
In the field research, such news is actually not "new."
The first stop of the survey, the economic province of Jiangsu, has its own characteristics of â€œagricultureâ€â€”the proportion of agricultural GDP is not high, and the per capita cultivated land is only 0.86 mu, which is less than 60% of the national level. However, its level of mechanization is leading the country, with rice transplanting rate exceeding 75%. Despite this, the heads of relevant departments of Jiangsu Province in the survey are not â€œstaying in peaceâ€ in agricultural modernization. â€œAlthough the income from production and sales of agricultural machinery and equipment manufacturing in Jiangsu Province has jumped to the threshold of 100 billion yuan, it still faces a lot of low-end products. Environmentally intelligent agricultural equipment still relies on foreign companies or foreign imports."
It is necessary to know that as a major province for the application of agricultural machinery and equipment, Jiangsu has made a difference in the transformation and development of agricultural machinery and equipment manufacturing industry, and they have a deeper understanding of the problems and challenges. China, which has thousands of years of ancient farming traditions, also presents the common problems faced by China's manufacturing industry in the agricultural machinery and equipment manufacturing industry: the low-end scale, the low technical content, the bottom of the value chain, and the core technology are subject to people.
The research team investigated in Shandong Wuzheng Group.
The same problem, the results of field research in Shandong and Henan, echoed with Jiangsu.
When visiting the agricultural machinery and equipment manufacturing enterprises in the three places, Zhang Baowen, Chen Xiaoguang and Xu Hui, who led the teams respectively, paid special attention to the transformation and upgrading of the agricultural machinery industry, which was of common concern. For each independent research and development of key technologies, each of them was asked in detail. Zhang Baowen encouraged everyone in the investigation of relevant enterprises in Jiangsu. The domestic agricultural machinery equipment has room for improvement in product supply, independent research and development of key components and product reliability. However, he does not say that the current new energy-saving and environmentally friendly agricultural engines, agricultural machinery-specific sensors, continuously variable transmissions, and large tractors' intelligent operation electric control units cannot be produced independently. This has become an innovative bottleneck for the manufacture of agricultural machinery and equipment.
In the agricultural machinery sector, the gearbox and engine are the two core components. In the investigation, Zhang Baowen gave an example of "transmission" technology. He said that in the gearbox technology, domestic manufacturers are still in the stage of synchronous shifting, and international advanced enterprises have been able to achieve stepless speed change. This is the reality. gap.
The good news is that China's agricultural machinery and equipment manufacturing companies have recognized this gap and are working hard to get closer.
In Shandong, where Chen Xiaoguang led a team survey, a domestically produced agricultural machinery manufacturing company caused a hot discussion at the domestic and international agricultural machinery industry by narrowing the distance. This enterprise is also one of the research companies of the research group.
In Shandong Lovol Heavy Industry, the Apos P5000 tractor developed by the domestic agricultural machinery brand in Europe recently won the German Industrial Design Award - "Red Dot Award". According to the person in charge, this tractor adopts the newly developed power shifting technology. Before that, this power shifting technology was considered by China's agricultural machinery manufacturers to be unmatched.
Nowadays, by integrating resources globally, Chinese agricultural machinery enterprises have filled the gap in this technology, and to a certain extent, it is believed that it will further promote the transformation and upgrading of China's agricultural machinery industry.
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